How to Play Bocce Ball in the Backyard (Rules and Scoring)

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Last updated: October 2, 2021

Bocce ball is a simple yet fun game to play in the backyard or in the park. Over the years, I have become a huge fan of bocce, and I have played many games with friends and family.

In this article I am going to explain what bocce is, how the rules work, and how best to play this game in the yard.

Hopefully after reading this guide you will be as excited about bocce as I am. If you do still have questions, don’t hesitate to contact me.

What Is Bocce Ball?

The game of Bocce Ball is one of the oldest games in the world. Quite literally, because it was a popular game in ancient Greece and Rome, and even before that in Egypt.

Bocce ball, or just bocce, is a simple game that can easily be played at home. The name bocce ball is derived from the Italian word boccia, which means bowl. Bocce is simply the plural form; bowls.

You can think of bocce much like lawn bowling. Although, unlike in lawn bowling, bocce balls are spherical and evenly weighted. There is not much to the outdoor bocce ball rules, and the equipment needed is very minimal.

Bocce ball set on grass surface

What’s great about at-home bocce is how customizable the game is. All you need is a strip of grass (or sand, dirt, or any surface that is soft and flat), a bocce set, and a set of instructions with bocce ball rules.

Read on to learn how to place bocce ball and have lots of fun while playing in the backyard or anywhere outdoors.

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Backyard Bocce Ball Rules for Dummies

Picking up a new sport can seem like a daunting task. All those rules, strange equipment, and confusing scoring systems can put anyone off.

But bocce ball is surprisingly easy to learn, and here is a breakdown of all the aspects of this awesome backyard game.


So you have decided to play bocce ball. To learn how to play bocce ball in the yard, you will first have to learn what each piece of the bocce set is.

There are four major components to a bocce set:

  • The jack:
    Also called the boccino (little bocce or literally little bowl), or pallino (little bullet). It’s a little white ball that you need it to start the game. Think of it as your target. It is what you are trying to get all the bocce balls near.
  • The bocce balls:
    These are the larger patterned balls that you bowl. There are eight; four for each team. The balls typically come in two different colors.
  • A measuring device:
    You can use a ruler, tape measure, or marked out string. Some bocce sets actually include one.
  • The playing field:
    Any length of lawn or patch soft ground will do.


Begin by picking your teams. You can play bocce ball with two to eight players in one-on-one, two-against-two, or four-versus-four matches.

The number of balls each player can toss is dependent on the number of players; four each for two players, two each for four players, and one each for eight players.

It’s important to point out that professional bocce ball sets have balls in two colors. If you’d like to play with more than two teams (either as individuals or multiple people per team), it’s best to look for a set that has balls in more than two colors, or otherwise find a way to mark the balls.

To start the game, set a point to throw from. You can mark it out with a bit of rope. All players must throw their balls from behind this line. Next, pick a player to toss out the jack. Wherever it lands, that is your target for this round.

Whoever wins this round will toss it out on the next. In each subsequent round, alternate which end of the lawn you are playing from. This makes the games fair and more fun, and helps to prevent too much wear in one area of your lawn.

How to Play

Standard outdoor bocce ball rules are incredibly easy to learn.

Once the jack has been thrown, the person who threw it will also throw their bocce ball first. It is important to note, as the name implies, you are to bowl the ball at the target. That means underhand tosses only! The game’s objective is to land your team’s balls as close to the jack as possible.

Bocce balls with measuring device

After the first person tosses their first ball, each team takes turns throwing their bocce balls until all eight have been thrown. It is okay to knock into and move the jack and yours and your opponent’s balls. Once each player has thrown all of their balls, the score is totaled. The winner starts the next round.

By the way, if you’d like to learn more about ball throwing styles and techniques, check out my guide explaining how to throw a bocce ball, which goes through the stance, grips and techniques so you can improve your skills.


To score the game, you must determine which balls are closest to the jack. The team with the closest ball wins the round. They receive one point for that ball and an additional one point for every ball they got closer to the jack than the opposing team’s closest ball.

For example, if team A has three balls that are closer to the jack than any of team B’s, team A would receive three points. If both teams have landed their closest ball the same distance from the jack, then the round is a tie, and no points are scored. This would be the perfect scenario to bring out that measuring device.

Bocce ball game

Additionally, if agreed upon, bocce balls that are touching the jack at the end of a round are worth two points. In this case, if team A has two balls touching the jack and one closer than team B’s closest ball, then team A would receive five points.

A game ends when one team has reached an agreed-upon goal. Common point goals are nine, eleven, twelve, and fifteen. The winning team must win by two or more points.

Are you ready to start playing this awesome game at home? Check out my list of best bocce ball sets for some very affordable options.

Final Thoughts

Outdoor bocce ball rules are straightforward for beginners and easy to customize to player preferences. The winning score, specifics of scoring, team sizes, initial player, distance to the jack, and even playing field size are also easy to modify when playing bocce ball at home.

To summarize, you will need a bocce set and some lawn space. Each team has four bocce balls and takes turns throwing them towards the jack. The team that ends the round with the ball closest to the jack wins. Play continues until one team has beaten the other by two or more points.

This simple and casual game is the perfect way to pass an afternoon at home, and all the variations you can make to it make it perfect for all ages and abilities. All you need is eight bocce balls, a jack, and a bit of open lawn.


How to play bocce ball (rules for dummies)

Thomas Dunnett

The backyard is the perfect place to bond with family and friends, to have a good time, or to simply relax with some fresh air and a bit of sunshine. With this website I am hoping to share my passion for the backyard with you.

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